In 1885, Plovdiv and Eastern Rumelia joined Bulgaria.
Plovdiv is situated in a fertile region of south-central Bulgaria on the two banks of the Maritsa River.
The city has historically developed on seven syenite hills, some of which are 250 metres (820 feet) high.
of the other as it kept all consonants of the name Philip deva (city), nevertheless the two names sounding similar, may not share the same origin as Odrin and Adrianople do not, and Pulpudeva may have predated the other name Plovdiv is on the banks of the Maritsa river, southeast of the Bulgarian capital, Sofia.
The city is in the southern part of the Plain of Plovdiv, an alluvial plain forming the western portion of the Upper Thracian Plain.
On 4 January 1878, Plovdiv was liberated from Ottoman rule by the Russian army.
It remained within the borders of Bulgaria until July of the same year, when it became the capital of the autonomous Ottoman region of Eastern Rumelia.
This makes Plovdiv the most densely populated city in the country with 3,769 inhabitants per km². In the beginning of the 20th century, there used to be seven of them, but one (Markovo tepe) was destroyed.
Three of them are called the Three Hills (Bulgarian: Plovdiv has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with considerable humid continental influences.
It is said to be one of the oldest cities in the world.
later being invaded by Persians, Greeks, Celts, Romans, Goths, Huns, Bulgarians, Slav-Vikings, Crusaders and Turks.
The oldest American educational institution outside the United States was founded in Plovdiv in 1860, which was later moved to Sofia – today's American College of Sofia.
On 5 September 2014, Plovdiv was selected as the Bulgarian host of the European Capital of Culture 2019.
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