(5) Face painting, and other traditional forms of tribal art practised by aboriginal artists throughout Australasia, such as the Yolngu people of Arnhem Land.(6) Various types of painting on leaves, bark and baobab seeds.
Australian Aboriginal rock art may be the oldest Stone Age art on the planet.
This possibility is supported by the studies of Professor Stephen Oppenheimer, whose research combines genetic analysis with climatology, archeology, fossil analysis and modern dating methods, in order to juxtapose early migration with early rock art, (see for example his book "Out of Eden: The Real Eve").
As well as rock engravings and cave painting, it includes various forms of prehistoric sculpture.
Aboriginal rock painting includes at least five different styles: (1) X-ray and cross-hatch art from the Arnhem Land and Kakadu regions of Northern Australia - a style of painting in which the insides of animals and humans are depicted, as if X-rayed.
In any event, human occupation in Australia has been carbon-dated to at least 53,000 BCE, and the oldest Australian human fossil has been dated to around 38,000 BCE - the difference probably being due to the drowning of the earliest coastal occupation sites by rising sea-levels: a phenomenon known to Europe through the Cosquer Cave paintings, near Marseilles.
All this means that aboriginal migrants were settled in Australia some 10,000 years before their northern counterparts arrived in Europe.Strangely, ancient pottery does not appear to have been made in Australia.The colour pigments used by aboriginal painters were obtained from mineral sources (eg.NOTE: The recent dating of Sulawesi Cave art (Indonesia) to 37,900 BCE represents a major archeological discovery, with huge potential for ancient sites in Australia.It demonstrates that Stone Age cave art was being created in SE Asia at the same time as in France and Spain.So we may yet discover that Paleolithic art in Australia predates the cave art in Europe by a similar margin.