Two Scotsmen from Dunfermline, John Reid and Robert Lockhart, first demonstrated golf in the US by setting up a hole in an orchard in 1888, with Reid setting up America's first golf club the same year, St. A golf course consists of either 9 or 18 holes, each with a teeing ground that is set off by two markers showing the bounds of the legal tee area, fairway, rough and other hazards, and the putting green surrounded by the fringe with the pin (normally a flagstick) and cup.
The levels of grass are varied to increase difficulty, or to allow for putting in the case of the green.
While many holes are designed with a direct line-of-sight from the teeing area to the green, some holes may bend either to the left or to the right.
The hole is called a "dogleg left" if the hole angles leftwards and "dogleg right" if it bends right.
Sometimes, a hole's direction may bend twice; this is called a "double dogleg".
Each hole is played once in the round on a standard course of 18 holes. Though a typical group playing will have 1, 2, 3 or 4 people playing the round.
The typical amount of time required for pace of play for a 9-hole round is two hours and four hours for an 18-hole round.
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Golf is a club and ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.A Ming Dynasty scroll dating back to 1368 entitled "The Autumn Banquet" shows a member of the Chinese Imperial court swinging what appears to be a golf club at a small ball with the aim of sinking it into a hole.The game is thought to have been introduced into Europe during the Middle Ages.trace the sport back to the Roman game of paganica, in which participants used a bent stick to hit a stuffed leather ball.One theory asserts that paganica spread throughout Europe as the Romans conquered most of the continent, during the first century BC, and eventually evolved into the modern game.Another early game that resembled modern golf was known as cambuca in England and chambot in France.