For instance, some lists are built to be read by undergraduates in a college semester system (130 books, Torrey Honors Institute), The great books are those that tradition, and various institutions and authorities, have regarded as constituting or best expressing the foundations of Western culture (the Western canon is a similar but broader designation); derivatively the term also refers to a curriculum or method of education based around a list of such books.
Mortimer Adler lists three criteria for including a book on the list: In 1909, Harvard University published a 51-volume great books series, titled the Harvard Classics. The Great Books of the Western World came about as the result of a discussion among American academics and educators, starting in the 1920s and 1930s and begun by Prof.
The curricula of Great Books programs often follow a canon of texts considered more or less essential to a student's education, such as Plato's Republic, or Dante's Divine Comedy.
Such programs often focus exclusively on Western culture.
Survivors, however, include Columbia's Core Curriculum, the Common Core at Chicago, and the Core Curriculum at Boston University, each heavily focused on the "great books" of the Western canon.
A university or college Great Books Program is a program inspired by the Great Books movement begun in the United States in the 1920s.
John Erskine of Columbia University, about how to improve the higher education system by returning it to the western liberal arts tradition of broad cross-disciplinary learning.
These academics and educators included Robert Hutchins, Mortimer Adler, Stringfellow Barr, Scott Buchanan, Jacques Barzun, and Alexander Meiklejohn.
John's College, Annapolis, besides University of Chicago.
This course later became Humanities A for freshmen, and subsequently evolved into Literature Humanities.
These schools focus almost exclusively on the Great Books Curriculum throughout enrollment and do not offer classes analogous to those commonly offered at other colleges. John's College in Annapolis and Santa Fe (program established in 1937); it was followed by Shimer College in Chicago, The Integral Program at Saint Mary's College of California (1955), Northeast Catholic College in Warner, New Hampshire, and Thomas Aquinas College in Santa Paula, California.