All those who were not members of these recognised communities were excluded from the Millet arrangement, and "marriages" conducted in Palestine outside these communities were not recognised.Consular marriages remained customary during the British Mandate and civil divorces granted in other countries were registered and recognized by the mandatory administration.
The religious authority for Jewish marriages performed in Israel is the Chief Rabbinate of Israel and the Rabbinical courts.
The Israeli Interior Ministry registers marriages on presentation of proper documentation.
Members of Agudath Israel, for example, chose not to register.
Before 1953 "Knesset Israel" courts had authority over Jews registered with it.
However, civil, interfaith and same-sex marriages entered into abroad are recognised by the state.
Under the Ottoman Empire all matters of a religious nature and personal status, which included marriage, were within the jurisdiction of Muslim courts and the courts of other recognized religions, called confessional communities, under a system known as Millet.It has been claimed that there was no opposition to religious marriages when the religious courts were given authority in these matters.However, no provision was made for marriages between people who were not both members of the same, recognised, community.Article 14 of the British Mandate of Palestine required the mandatory administration to establish a commission to study, define, and determine the rights and claims relating to the different religious communities in Palestine.Article 15 required the mandatory administration to see to it that complete freedom of conscience and the free exercise of all forms of worship were permitted.Provision was made for the registration of marriages, but not for the manner in which marriages would be conducted.