The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures.
The Liddell–Scott–Jones Greek–English Lexicon states that this room was the western cella of the Parthenon. Green holds that the parthenon was the room in which the peplos presented to Athena at the Panathenaic Festival was woven by the arrephoroi, a group of four young girls chosen to serve Athena each year.
The first instance in which Parthenon definitely refers to the entire building is found in the writings of the 4th century BC orator Demosthenes.
For a time, it served as the treasury of the Delian League, which later became the Athenian Empire.
In the final decade of the sixth century AD, the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
Since 1983 (on the initiative of Culture Minister Melina Mercouri), the Greek government has been committed to the return of the sculptures to Greece.
The origin of the Parthenon's name is from the Greek word παρθενών (parthenon), which referred to the "unmarried women's apartments" in a house and in the Parthenon's case seems to have been used at first only for a particular room of the temple; it is debated which room this is and how the room acquired its name.The Greek Ministry of Culture is currently carrying out a programme of selective restoration and reconstruction to ensure the stability of the partially ruined structure.The Parthenon itself replaced an older temple of Athena, which historians call the Pre-Parthenon or Older Parthenon, that was destroyed in the Persian invasion of 480 BC.The temple is archaeoastronomically aligned to the Hyades.While a sacred building dedicated to the city's patron goddess, the Parthenon was actually used primarily as a treasury.Jill was getting her mail one day when she saw Jack, who lives a few doors down from her apartment.