The most popular is Dolgang, spoken by more than 5.3 percent of the country's population, according to the CIA.
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Founded in 1776, the Bolshoi Ballet is a classical ballet company based at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow and known throughout the world.
The Mariinsky Ballet in Saint Petersburg is another famous ballet company in Russia.
Russian culture has a long and rich cultural history, steeped in literature, ballet, painting and classical music.
While outsiders may see the country as drab, Russia has a very visual cultural past, from its colorful folk costumes to its ornate religious symbols.
Islam is the second largest religion; about 10 percent to 15 percent of Russians practice Islam, according to the CIA World Factbook.
"The third most popular religion in Russia after Christianity and Islam is Tengrism, a form of pagan, animistic and shamanic religion," said Christina de Rossi, an anthropologist at Barnet and Southgate College in London.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) reports that 77.7 percent of Russians are of Russian descent.
The rest of the population consists of 3.7 percent Tatar, 1.4 percent Ukrainian, 1.1 percent Bashkir, 1 percent Chuvash, 1 percent Chechen and 10.2 percent other, while 3.9 percent are unspecified.
While Russian is the official language, many Russians also speak English as a second language.
More than 100 minority languages are spoken in Russia today, according to the BBC.
Here is a brief overview of Russian customs and traditions.