Long Beach lies in the southeastern corner of Los Angeles County and borders Orange County.Indigenous people have lived in coastal Southern California for over 10,000 years, and several successive cultures have inhabited the present-day area of Long Beach.
Its boundaries were in dispute for years, due to flooding changing the Los Angeles River boundary, between the ranchos of Juan Jose Dominguez and Manuel Nieto.
In 1843 Jonathan Temple bought Rancho Los Cerritos, having arrived in California in 1827 from New England.
The city also maintains a robust oil industry with wells located both directly beneath the city as well as offshore.
Manufacturing sectors include those in aircraft, automotive parts, electronic equipment, audiovisual equipment, and home furnishings.
The boundary between the two ranchos ran through the center of Signal Hill on a southwest to northeast diagonal.
A portion of western Long Beach was originally part of the Rancho San Pedro.
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Images from top, left to right: Long Beach skyline from Bluff Park, RMS Queen Mary, Aquarium of the Pacific Blue Cavern exhibit, Hanjin Terminal at Port of Long Beach, Villa Riviera, Metro Blue Line, Long Beach Lighthouse Long Beach is the 36th most populous city in the United States and the 7th most populous in California.
In 1866 Temple sold Rancho Los Cerritos for ,000 to the Northern California sheep-raising firm of Flint, Bixby & Co, which consisted of brothers Thomas and Benjamin Flint and their cousin Lewellyn Bixby.
Two years previous Flint, Bixby & Co had also purchased along with Northern California associate James Irvine, three ranchos which would later become the city that bears Irvine's name.
In 1784 the Spanish Empire's King Carlos III granted Rancho Los Nietos to Spanish soldier Manuel Nieto.