CIRCUMSTANCES have permitted me little more than six months to gather together the particulars embodied in the accompanying sketch, which I have undertaken at the request of the Church Management. The view here given is somewhat supported by Sir James Marwick.To make it as satisfactory as could be wished the writer would have needed, considering the multifarious duties of a minister’s calling, almost as many years. “That portion of the lands of Shettleston on which the cross stood (3 – There are, so far as I can discern, no traces of a symbolic stone cross ever having stood at the place where toll was exacted, although the likelihood is that such a stone was once in existence) was probably what was known as the ‘ two-merk ‘ land of ‘ Towcorse,’ now called Tollcross.”(4 – Charters and documents relating to the City of Glasgow, p.Patrick’s brother, but more likely from some Saxon colonist, and is enumerated among the bishop’s (of Glasgow) possessions so early as 1170.
Stewart specifies two examples which correspond to the “Cross of Schedinestoun.” The lands of Tollcross were originally much more extensive than in later times, including until early in the eighteenth century Easter Camlachie, which was known as ” the Little Hill of Tollcross,” and is now called Janefield, or the Eastern Necropolis.
As concerns Shettleston there are numerous forms of the ancient name.
The truth is that the form in the first syllable is old Scottish for the Anglo-Saxon “tol” or “tel,” signifying to count.
Tollcross means the cross of levying or exacting by counting goods so as to take the “tol” or “tax.”(5 – My friend Mr. Robertson writes, “The tellers ill our banks are a fine instance of the survival of the ancient meaning.”) Instances are not infrequent showing a connection between ancient crosses and ancient exactions upon trade, and Dr.
In a charter dated Jedwarth, 29th October, 1226, it is Schedenstun.
In another, of the sixteenth century, dated at Holyrood in favour of Walter, commendator of Blantyre, it is Scheildiston.
In a similar document dated at Dumbarton, 26th August, 1591, it is Scheddilstoun.
The truth is that in the matter of spelling each ancient conveyancer seems to have been a law unto himself.
I have in the writing of these pages sought to avoid everything that might appear to be a raking amongst the ashes of extinct controversies, or that could be construed into an offence against tender susceptibility. William, Bishop of Glasgow, complains (1449) of disturbance and impediment to trade, and James II issued an ordinance forbidding “any hurtying and prejudice to the privileges and customs granted to the kirk of Glasgow of auld tym.” “Nane of yhour said burrows, na nane vtheris cum wythin the barony of Glasgow, na wythin ony landis pertendand to Sanct Mungoe’s Freedome to tak’ toll or custom be watter or land.” (2 – Glasgow Reg., pp.